The Stone Towers of Svaneti is situated on the slopes of the Caucasus mountain range and surrounded by deep gorges and snow-capped peaks of the Caucasus. It is home to the highest and most isolated villages in the Caucasus. Thanks to its remote geographical position, it stayed unconquered when the Russians exerted control in the middle of the 19th century.
During the Middle Ages, many watchtowers, and fortified homes were constructed here to protect it from the marauding armies from foreign lands. When power empires invaded Georgia, many icons and jewels, manuscripts and religious artifacts were brought to this tower for safekeeping. Afterward, Svaneti turned into a repository of early Georgian culture. Svans managed to preserve not only the valuable artifacts but also the Georgian culture, tradition, and language for centuries.
These towers were built during the 9th to the 13th centuries and are 20-25 meters tall. In general, they have four or five floors. With the height of the tower, the walls become less thick. It makes the towers look slender and tapering. The towers also serve as residential houses. The ground floor is a single hall accommodated for both human beings and animals. The upper floor was used in summer by people and fodder, and tools were stored here.